How to Become a D.M. (District Magistrate) in India

Do you ever imagine yourself as a District Magistrate?  If yes, then quickly explore the entire article to pursue a career as a District magistrate. DM is also known as the real bosses of the district. Imagine if you are at such a post, nobody leads you. Infect, you have the power to control the entire district. There are only 5000 thousand officers in India. Be a part of them? It sounds cool. A District magistrate has received various facilities like- personal guards, vehicle facility and many more.

Who is District Magistrate?

Let`s quickly understand in detail what District Magistrate is.

A person who has in-charge of a district is known as District Magistrate and Collector. Most of the people know them as a Deputy Commissioner or a District Collector. A district magistrate has an execution power of the district with various responsibilities.

How to Become a District Magistrate?

District Magistrate in India

For becoming a DM, firstly you have to crack the UPSC exam and at least achieve a position within the top 100. After qualifying for the exam you will a part of Indian Administration Service officer. The IAS officer will promote as District Magistrate after two promotions.

For becoming a District Magistrate the aspirants must have fulfilled some basic requirements, Such as Nationality, Qualification, and Age limit.

  1. Nationality: The primary requirement to become a DM is nationality. He/she is a permanent citizen of India.
  2. Qualification: The candidates must opt for a bachelor’s degree in any stream from any authorized University or any equivalent institute. After completing graduation, the candidate is eligible to apply to UPSC and go through the examination.

What is the Age Limit for becoming a District Magistrate?

  1. For General Category: The candidate who belongs to the General category should be aged 21 to 30 year to become a DM.
  2. For OBC Category: the candidate who belongs to the OBC category should be the age of 21 to 33 to become a District Magistrate. The Indian Government has given 3 years of age relaxation to this category.
  3. For SC/ST Category: the candidate of the SC/ST category between the age of 21 to 35 is eligible to become a District Magistrate. This category has 5 years of age relaxation.

What is the academic qualification to become a District Magistrate?

Candidates who are willing to pursue their career as District Magistrate should complete the below mention requirements-

  • For becoming District Magistrate, the candidates must obtain a bachelors degree or any other equivalent certificate from a sanitized university or an institute.
  • The candidate can choose any stream of his choice
  • Apart from this, the candidates who have completed their studies through associations are also eligible to apply for the District Magistrate post.
  • If you are applying for the final year exam of graduation, you will also be a part of the UPSC exam.
  • The candidates who are waiting for the final results will also eligible for the preliminary exam of the UPSC. Once you pass the final year, you have to represent the passing certificate as proof.
  • The technical degree holders also have an option to apply for the DM post.
  • Professional degree holders are also eligible to apply for the post.
  • A candidate who comes from the medical stream and undergoing an internship programme is also eligible for the post of District Magistrate.
  • The Aspirants who are qualifying for the CWA, ICAI exam can also appear in the UPSC-CSE exam.

Stages of Exams:

The UPSC exam is conducted in 3 Stages-

  • Preliminary Stage
  • Mains examination
  • Personal Interview/Group discussion

Stage: 1 Preliminary Stage

UPSC exam is divided into two compulsory papers which obtain 200 marks each. First is General Studies Part-1 and the second is General Studies Part-2.  The question will be objective type and multiple options. Preliminary exams marks will not be included in the final merit list.

The applicants will hold an aggregate of 33% of marks in part-2 for the qualifying preliminary exam.

Part-1 Obtains 200 Marks:

This paper is for a duration of 2-hour. Here is mention the syllabus of General studies-

  1. Current Events of national and International Importance
  2. History of India and Indian National Movement
  3. Indian Polity and Governance- Constitution, Political System, Public policy, Panchayati Raj
  4. Indian and World Geography- Physical, Economics, Social and geography of India and the world
  5. General issues on Bio-diversity, ecology and climate change
  6. General Science

Part-2 Obtains 200 Marks:

This paper is for a duration of 2-hour. The candidates just need to secure their seats with an aggregate of 33% marks. The syllabus of Part-2 is listed below-

  1. Logical Reasoning and analytical ability
  2. Interpersonal skills and communication skills
  3. Comprehension
  4. Decision making and solving problem
  5. Mental ability
  6. Numerical questions (Class 10 level), order of magnitude, Data Interpretation, Charts, graphs, Data Sufficiency.

Stage: 2 Mains Examination

After qualifying for the preliminary round the candidates are going for Stage 2. Usually, the mains exam is conducted in January. The mains exam is divided into nine papers-

  1. Essay on any topic- 250 marks
  2. General Studies- 250 marks, Indian Heritage and Culture
  • Indian Culture
  • Indian Heritage and Culture
  • Modern Indian History
  • Geography
  • History of the world
  • Events, Forms and Effects on Society
  1. General Studies- 250 marks, Indian Constitution and Indian Politics
  • The Constitution of India
  • Amendment Procedure
  • Central Government and administration
  • The political system
  • The Electoral Process
  • Central and state government Privileges
  • Administrative Law
  • Public Services
  • Social Welfare and Social Legislation
  • Control over Public expenditure
  1. General Studies –250 marks, Science and technology
  • Computer and Information Technology
  • Energy
  • Disaster Management
  • Biotechnology
  • Space Technology
  • Nuclear policy of India
  • Environmental Studies
  • Security
  • Economy
  • Agriculture
  1. General Studies – 250 marks, Human Interface and Ethics
  • Ethics and Human Interface
  • Integrity
  • Aptitude
  • Attitude
  • Probity in Governance
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Public Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
  1. Optional Subjects: 1 and 2- 250+250 marks
  2. English and Language Papers- the paper pattern is as follow:
  • Essay Writing- 100 Marks
  • Comprehension Writing- 60 Marks
  • Precise Writing- 60 Marks
  • Grammar- 40 Marks
  • Translation from Chosen language- 20 Marks
  • Translation from English- 20 Marks

Stage:3 Personal Interview/Group Discussion

Here are some tips that you can follow before appearing at the Interview-

  1. After clarifying the main examination, the candidate can join the group discussion.
  2. The candidates have to be perfect in personal skills, Mental Ability, basic knowledge.
  3. The interview includes the academic qualification, personality test and presence of mind.
  4. Qualifying candidates go for the official training of an IAS officer. After 2 or 3 promotion IAS will get the post of District Magistrate.
  5. Post will be distributed according to the ability and training.

Syllabus for Interview:

  • Mental Ability, personal skill knowledge will be tested in the Interview.
  • Question and Answer session will be discussed in the interview.
  • The interview obtains 275 marks.
  • Personality Skills
  • Current affairs and General knowledge question.

Responsibility of District Magistrate:

Every district has its Magistrate who carries various responsibility. District Magistrate manages the functional ideas and leads as a leader. The top listed role and responsibility are listed below-

  1. He/ She have responsibility for the maintenance of law and regulation in the district.
  2. The whole administration and management of the district will be maintained by the District magistrate.
  3. He/ She are responsible for the conduct of magisterial inquiries.
  4. The District Magistrate can be a supervisor of the police department.
  5. The district magistrate also plays the role of Arbitrator.
  6. The district Magistrate has the power to collect the revenue of land in their jurisdiction.
  7. He/ She individually responsible for the land acquisition.
  8. The District magistrate is responsible for the maintenance of tax revenue.
  9. District Magistrate also supervise the activities and work of various magistrates.
  10. He/ She have the power to take a sudden decision when any crime happened in the district. He or she is responsible for public safety and protection.
  11. The District magistrate is a public servant who should submit the yearly crime report to the Indian Government.
  12. Whenever the election process has happened in the district, he has kept their eye on all activities.
  13. A District Magistrate is also known as the sole person who is responsible for the transfer of the government officials.
  14. He has the power to grant leaves of government officials.
  15. As per year, he/ she should submit the accurate budget of the district to the Indian government.

Pay Scale, Allowance and Salary Packages of District magistrate:

The district magistrate’s basic salary is approx Rs. 56,000 per month. It includes various allowances like Dearness Allowance, Travelling Allowance and House Rent Allowance and many more. This pay scale will increase after promotions. Surprisingly, the cabinet secretary will get Rs. 2, 50,000 for their post. to achieve this post you need to read newspapers, books and gain G.k. knowledge as much as you can.


Above mentioned details are about studies, getting selected and becoming a district magistrate. Hope this information was worth reading to our audience. So, concentrate on your future goals and achieve a bright future.

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