What Are The Subjects in Commerce Stream For Class 11 & 12 CBSE?

Once you complete your 10th standard, you will have a few options to choose from for your higher education. One of the most common options that many people choose is the 11th and 12th standard. Choosing the right career path will help make a better career in the future and have a better profession. Class 11th and 12th standards are the stepping stones for your life. Till 10th standard, everyone has the same subjects to study. But when you get into 11th and 12th standard, you get a chance to select your chosen subjects. So, this is the time you can decide which is the subject of your choice.

There are three different streams that you will be able to select when you are looking for the best options after your 10th standard. You will have Science (MPC or BPC), Humanities and Commerce. It is a lifetime decision that you are going to make, and hence you need to be very careful about your choice. Your 11th standard and 12th standard subjects are going to lay a strong foundation for the courses that you are going to choose in the future, be it bachelors or masters. So, check for the best option that fits your interests. Each subject is different from the other and the style of studying.

Commerce is one of the most popular options that many students pick. This is a study related to finance, trade, economy, and business activities. If you have a lot of interest in numbers, trading, and analyzing data, commerce is the best choice. Along with all this, you will also be able to enjoy a better career option. This is also a good choice for those who don’t want to go with science and mathematics subjects. That is because mathematics is an optional subject. Apart from mathematics, there are many other optional subjects that you will be able to choose.

So, if you are someone who wants to go with commerce in your 11th and 12th standards, you are at the right place. Here we have discussed all the important subjects and the optional subjects that you will learn in the 11th and 12th standard CBSE syllabus. Continue learning if you wish to continue learning more about the Commerce course.

subjects in commerce for classes 11 & 12 CBSE

What are the subjects in commerce for classes 11 & 12 CBSE?

For the 11th and 12th standard Commerce course, the subjects are going to remain the same. In the first year, i.e., 11th standard and 2nd year, i.e., 12th standard, you will have the same subjects. In the 11th standard, you will learn the subject’s basics, while in the 12th standard, we will learn the subject in detail. So, when you read that both the 11th and 12th standards have the same, you need not get confused. You will also have option subjects that you can choose from. Let us have a look at the mandatory subjects and optional subjects here:

Mandatory Subjects:

  • Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Business Studies
  • English

Optional Subjects:

  • Mathematics
  • Psychology
  • Physical Education
  • Fine Arts
  • Computer Science
  • Hindi
  • Entrepreneurship

Also Read: Best Banking Courses After 12th Commerce for a Bank Job


One of the main subjects that you need to learn as part of your commerce course is accountancy. This is the basic step for you to start your career in commerce. Without accountancy you will not be able to become an expert in commerce. This course is not in just 11th standard, but will also continue in 12th standard. As part of the accountancy you will learn the basics of accounts, basic terms and their meanings, accounting principles, rules of accounting, credits and debits and financial accounting, and much more.

You will be able to calculate the economic activities of your business. As part of your 12th standard, you will learn the subject more in detail. You can know more about accounting finance and accounting database, which also including making recording all the transactions of your business, expenditure and then making a statement of the transactions.

There is one best thing about accountancy, and that is, this is one of the best subjects that allow you to score high. Any subject that is related to numbers can help you get full marks when you handle them the right way.

Some of the most important topics that will be covered as part of the accountancy subject are financial accounting, accounting process, analysis of the financial statement, and much more. If you are someone who is interesting in starting a business of your own, then this subject is going to be very useful for understanding financial transactions and for recording them. There is no business plan that can be run without the help of an accountant and so this subject is going to be very useful.

Along with that, when your basics are good, you will be able to understand the subject well in your bachelor’s. There will also be a good number of career opportunities when you have good control over the basics of accountancy.

Also Read: 19 Best Courses After 12th Commerce in India

Business Studies: 

The next mandatory subject in the 11th and 12th standards is Business Studies. This subject is going to deal with evaluating, analyzing, and then respond to the changes according to the changes in the business. The changes can be related to social, legal, political, or environmental as well. In the 11th standard, you will learn about the basics of Business Studies, and in the 12th standard, you will learn the subject a little deeper. The framework of business and how the business operates in real will be part of your study. Along with all this, you will also get knowledge about the management of the business, and it is complete operations.

Some of the most common topics that you will learn as part of the course are fundamentals of business, evaluation of the business, latest business modes, internal trade and functions of management, principles of management, marketing, and business finance.

This subject gives you a clear idea about how the business runs and what are the important factors that you need to concentrate on, and a lot more. All this will be very useful for you to run your business or when you get into any job related to business management. If you already have a family business, then you will be able to take it up without any problem.


The next mandatory subject that you will have to cover as part of your 11th and 12th standard is Economics. For humanities and science students, it is not a mandatory subject. This subject concentrates on social science. In simple words, it is the study of the functioning of our economy. You will look at it at both national and international levels. You will learn about the basics and the agents related to economics, its market, and a lot more. This subject will help you learn how to manage the available resources in a better way so that you meet and satisfy all the requirements.

As part of the course in commerce, you will be able to learn about the basics of economics in the 11th standard. You will also get to learn about macroeconomics, microeconomics, and some real-time information about the present economic condition of the country. Some very important and common topics in economics include statics of economics, Development of Indian economics, and when you get to 12th standard, you will get to learn these topics in detail.

You will be able to enjoy a number of benefits with the help of this subject. You will receive good job opportunities from both private and government organizations as well. So, this is a subject that you need to pay attention to.

Also Read: 9 Best Courses After Graduation in Commerce Stream In India


Communication plays a very important role in your career. This is a mandatory subject in commerce and also in all other streams. English is a global language, and that helps you to communicate better. You will be able to communicate easily across the world when you have a good grip over the language. You will be able to improve your communication skills with the help of this subject.

In the 11th and 12th standards, you will be able to improve your listening skills, reading comprehension, grammar, and writing skills as well. As English is the most widely used language, you will find it very beneficial to learn this language, both verbal and written. Also, you will be able to pursue many different courses in English once you complete your 12th standard.

Also Read: Computer Courses After 12th Commerce Stream

Optional subjects:


One of the most common optional subjects that most commerce students opt for is Mathematics. Most of them love mathematics, and some don’t. So, if you are someone who loves both commerce and mathematics, then this is a great choice for you. Some of the common topics that are covered in the 11th and 12th standards are Calculus, Statistics, Probabilities, linear programming, relations and functions, Algebra, reasoning, and a few others. If you wish to pursue the career of a Chartered accountant, then Mathematics as an optional subject will be a great choice. It is good even for students who wish to pursue MBA and finance-related courses.

Computer Science:

Another good and popular optional subject that you can consider is Computer Science. You will learn about different applications and programming languages in your 11th and 12th standard computer science subject. You can learn programming languages like C, C++, networking technologies, database management, and other things related to computer programming and applications. If you wish to pursue computer engineering or wish to become a software engineer, then this can be a good subject for you. Most of the students, who don’t like mathematics, opt for this course.

Physical Education:

If you are looking for another subject that can help you in scoring better, then you should choose Physical education. This is easy. Along with education, you will also be able to have some fun at college. You get to learn yoga, physical fitness, physiology, and other trends in the present physical education.


Just like English, Hindi is another popular language, but in India. You will be able to find a lot of Hindi-speaking people across India. Whether you are going to any other state for your higher education or career, Hindi can help you communicate better. This is also an easy language for those who had Hindi as their first language till the 10th standard. You will be able to score better. Along with that, you will be able to learn this language in depth, which includes grammatically correct language. This is a subject for scoring.


Students who want to experiment with some different subject should try Psychology. This is an interesting subject for those who wish to study the mind and behavior of different people. In the 11th standard, you will get knowledge about the basics of Psychology, like the basic concepts and methods. You will also be able to groom your analytical and critical reasoning skills. In the 12th standard, you will learn the topics in depth. You will be able to make a career as a Psychologist or a good counselor after you complete your further studies in psychology.

Fine Arts:

Another good optional subject that you can opt for is Fine Arts. You will be able to score well in this subject without putting in a lot of effort. If you have a creative mind, then Fine Arts is a great course for you. You will be able to enhance your skills like artistic skills and commercial arts. If you are planning for a career in interior designing, graphic designing, and fashion designing, this subject can be helpful for you.

You will not have any choice when it comes to the mandatory subjects, but with optional subjects, you will have complete control. You can choose the subject you like the most. Commerce is a good option for those who do not want to go for the very common Science group. There will be a number of job opportunities as well after you complete a course in commerce. Making a wrong choice will affect your entire career as your bachelor’s and master’s will depend on the basics that you learn at your 11th and 12th standard. So, choose the right path to continue your studies further.

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