How To Become A Veterinary Doctor in India?

Today most of people have pets in their homes, farms etc. so what if our pet becomes ill or get injured or get caught up by a virus or infection? What will you do? Can you treat your pet? Your pet will be treated by a Doctor who is known as Veterinary Doctor. The veterinary doctor is specialised in treating animals when they are sick or injured.

The word “veterinary” comes from the Latin word “veterinae” meaning “working animals”.

A veterinary Doctor or a veterinary physician may be a professional who practices medicine and treats the diseases, disorders and injuries in animal.

If you have immense love for animals and you want to help or treat animal, then A job of Veterinary Doctor is best for you. Now the question comes on how to become a veterinary doctor?, What eligibility criteria you need to become a veterinary doctor? , what are the types of veterinary doctor, and what work they do? What are the scope in these fields?

The answers to the above question are given below.

Veterinary Science Course

History of Veterinary Profession.

The history of veterinary doctor dates back to ancient times, and Sage Hayagosha is considered the founder of veterinary science. The first college of veterinary was founded in France in 1762.

Significance of Veterinary Doctor

  • The veterinary doctor has detailed knowledge about animals, their health and behaviour and animal husbandry.
  • Their knowledge and skills allows them to access the animals behaviour and the environment they are living.
  • The veterinarians are also responsible in the policy making related to animal husbandry.
  • The veterinarians also help in research related with animals, their feeding habits and their behaviour.
  • They advice the pet owners regarding the pets health.

What does a veterinary doctor do?

  • The veterinary doctor treat diseases, disorders or injury in animals.
  • They give vaccinations of diseases like rabies, parvovirus, etc.
  • They provide treatment to animals which suffer from diseases, infection or illness.
  • They perform surgeries on animals and treat their wounds.
  • They treat fractures of animals.
  • They give advice to the pet owners about their pet’s behaviour and their dis
  • They take care of the health of livestock.
  • They euthanize the animal when there is no hope of their survival.
  • They carry out research about the diseases that can transmit from animal to human being.
  • They are responsible for both human beings as well as animal.

Types of Veterinary Doctors

  • Some candidates opt to become assistant professor at colleges and universities.
  • The doctors that work in private clinic and hospitals and treat cat, dogs, birds, rabbits, etc. are known as companion animal veterinary doctors. These doctors diagnose diseases and treat the animals and provide guidance to the pet owners regarding their pets’ disease and perform medical and surgical procedures.
  • The doctors who treat horses are known as Equine veterinary doctors and they spend most of their time in stables. These doctors are specialise in taking care of horses as horses have special requirements for training and nutrition.
  • The doctors who take care of animals like poultry, pigs, cattle and sheep are known as Food animals veterinary doctors. They spend most of the time on farms and guide the farm owners, managers about the animals’ food habits and health.
  • The doctors who conduct inspections and carry out tests on livestock and animal products and provide vaccine to treat animals and work for animals’ welfare are known as Food safety and veterinary inspection Doctors.
  • The veterinarians who conduct clinical research on animal health problems and perform test on animals in laboratories are known as research veterinar

Different types of veterinary Doctors:

  • Veterinary dermatologist
  • Veterinary pharmacologist
  • Veterinary technician
  • Veterinary physician
  • Veterinary food inspector
  • Veterinary surgeon
  • Veterinary Assistant
  • Associate veterinary doctor
  • Veterinary neurologist

Eligibility Criteria to become a veterinary doctor

Candidates must complete their 12th class with science – Physics, chemistry, Biology. Some colleges may require English as their compulsory subject.

Earlier Veterinary Council of India conducts All India Pre Veterinary Test (AIPVT) for admission to Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & AH).

Now this exam has been ended by NEET. So candidates need to qualify NEET to urge admission in Veterinary courses.

To become a Veterinary Doctor the candidate should pursue an undergraduate degree in Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry. Some colleges not require a bachelor’s degree for admission while some require a fixed number of undergraduate credit hours and pre veterinary courses in chemistry, zoology, biology and physiology.

Courses Offered

Bachelor Courses:

  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & AH) years
  • BV.Sc. in Animal Production & Management
  • BV.Sc. in Veterinary Medicine, Public Health & Hygiene
  • BV.Sc. in Animal Genetics and Breeding
  • BV.Sc. in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology.

Master Courses:

Master of Veterinary Science (M.V.Sc)

  • M.V.Sc in Veterinary Medicine.
  • M.V.Sc in Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology
  • M.V.Sc in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology
  • M.S. (Quality Systems in Dairy Processing)
  • M.Sc. (Live Stock Production and Management)
  • M.Sc. (Live Stock Production Technology)
  • M.Sc. (Veterinary Public Health)
  • M.V.Sc. (Animal Biochemistry)
  • M.V.Sc. (Animal Biotechnology)
  • M.V.Sc. (Animal Statistics)
  • M.V.Sc. (Animal

Doctoral Courses:

  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Veterinary Medicine
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Veterinary Pathology
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology
  • PhD (Animal Husbandry Extension Education)
  • PhD (Animal Nutrition)
  • PhD (Animal Science)
  • PhD (Veterinary Anatomy & Histology)
  • PhD (Veterinary Extension Education)
  • PhD (Veterinary Medicine)
  • PhD (Veterinary Microbiology)
  • PhD (Veterinary Parasitology)
  • PhD (Veterinary Surgery & Radiology)
  • PhD in Veterinary Science
  • PhD (Animal Husbandry Extension Education)
  • PhD (Animal Nutrition)
  • PhD (Animal Science)
  • PhD (Veterinary Anatomy & Histology)
  • PhD (Veterinary Extension Education)
  • PhD (Veterinary Medicine)
  • PhD (Veterinary Microbiology)
  • PhD (Veterinary Parasitology)
  • PhD (Veterinary Pathology)
  • PhD (Veterinary Surgery & Radiology)

Salary of Veterinary Doctor

There is growing demand of Veterinary Doctor in modern times. An average salary of a veterinary doctor in Indian can be 5 lakhs to 8 lakhs. A veterinary Doctor in government sector can earn up to 30 thousand to 50 thousand depending upon the cadre and location.

Best Colleges in 2021

  • Bananas Hindu university.
  • Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand.
  • Indian Veterinary Research Institute- Bareilly.
  • Indian Dairy Research Institute , Karnal.
  • Veterinary College And research Institute, Chennai.
  • College of veterinary and animal science, Bikaner.
  • Mumbai university, Mumbai.
  • Birsa agricultural university Ranchi.
  • College of veterinary and animal science Udaipur.
  • Tamil Nadu veterinary and animal science university Chennai.
  • West Bengal university of Animal and Fishery science, Kolkata.
  • Assam agricultural university Jorhat.
  • Orissa university of Agriculture and technology, Bhubaneswar.
  • Nagpur veterinary college, Nagpur.
  • Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh
  • Sardar vallabh bhai Patel university of agriculture and technology, Meerut.
  • Anand agricultural university, Anand
  • Kerela veterinary and animal science, University, Wayanad
  • Udai pratap college,Varanasi
  • Shri Venkateshwara veterinary university, Tripura


The demand for Veterinary doctor is rising day by day. More and more students are taking an interest in becoming a veterinarian. It has become a respected job in todays times. The government also need the services veterinarians in various organisations. Many dairy research units, large scale dairy, poultry farms require the services of veterinary doctors.

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