How to become a Mechanical Engineer in India?

Whenever we talk about the word mechanical engineering, most people think that it related to some mechanical work. But that is not at all true. It is related to a mechanism where material science, the law of physics, mathematics and environmental science are combined. They implement these mechanisms in planning, designing, manufacturing, production and also their maintenance. The basic work of a mechanical engineer is to design and construct machines. This is one of the most common and the oldest groups in engineering. That is one of the main reasons why you will be able to find a lot of colleges in India that offer this course.

If you are someone who aspires to become a mechanical engineer in India, then this course is for you. We have provided all useful information about the mechanical engineering course. This information can be very useful for all those students who have no knowledge about this course. You can make your choice after you go through all the information related to how to become a mechanical engineer in India.

Who is a Mechanical Engineer?

B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Course

The main job of a mechanical engineer is to design and construct heavy machinery in a very cost-effective manner. Once the machine is constructed, any related and relevant modifications also should be done by the mechanical engineers only. Right from drawing and representation of the machine to the designing, developing, and testing will be the job of a mechanical engineer. Construction companies, automobile industries and there are other manufacturing companies and industries will hire mechanical engineers.

If you wish to become a mechanical engineer, then there is a lot you need to do and know. Good knowledge of Applied Engineering, Mathematics and Physics is very important for you to become a mechanical engineer. A few extra skills and a good knowledge of these subjects will make you the best mechanical engineer. So, here are some more useful information for you.

Eligibility Criteria to become a mechanical engineer:

You need to satisfy certain things if you wish to become a mechanical engineer. Only those who meet the below-mentioned criteria will be able to start a career as a mechanical engineer.

  • You should have completed your 10+2 from a recognized college or university in India.
  • It is very important to make sure that you have Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry as your main subjects in 11th and 12th standards.
  • You should have scored at 55 percent marks in your 10+2. Depending on your category, you will get relaxation. You need to make sure that you have the required marks.
  • You can even complete your diploma in Mechanical engineering after you complete the 10th standard.
  • Once you are done, you need to get admission into B. Tech or B.E Mechanical engineering course from a recognized university or college. Some people get jobs immediately after they complete the B.
  • Tech or B.E in Mechanical engineering, but if you wish to continue your studies, then you can go for M.Tech or M. E in mechanical engineering to get a better job as a mechanical engineer.

Admission process for mechanical engineering:

Usually, there will be a notification released by the colleges and universities every year for admission in B.E and B. Tech programs. You will have to start applying for the Mechanical engineering course when the notification is released.

Every college has its own admission process, while most of them do it with the help of an entrance test and personal interview. Some colleges also have admission based on the merit list. Usually, during the months of May and June, the admission process will start. There will be a cutoff score that is declared by the colleges and universities to get admission in them. Only if you fulfil these eligibility cut off marks you will be able to get admission. Once you clear the entrance test, you will have to undergo counseling or an interview round to complete the process and get admission to the college.

Course details and Syllabus:

You will have two types of engineering degrees, like B.E. and B. Tech. B.E stands for Bachelor of Engineering, and B. Tech stands for Bachelor of Technology. You will be able to get your B.E in Mechanical engineering and Bachelor of Technology in mechanical engineering. This is going to be a course for four years. The exams are conducted in semester style, and you will have eight semesters for a course of four years. There are many colleges in India that offer a degree in mechanical engineering. You have both private and government colleges to choose from. Depending on the college that you are choosing, the fee structure is also going to different. The fee is going to vary between Rs20,000 to Rs 15,00,000. The private colleges charge you pretty high.

The Syllabus of mechanical engineering is something important for you to know and learn. The Syllabus includes:

Semester 1

  • Chemistry
  • Engineering Graphics
  • English
  • Mathematics
  • Physics

Semester 2

  • Electrical Technology
  • Electronics and Communication
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Programming Language
  • Value Education

Semester 3

  • Applied Thermodynamics
  • Computer Graphics
  • Machine Drawing
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanics of Solid Particles
  • Mechanics of Solids
  • Theory of Mechanics

Semester 4

  • Dynamics of Machinery
  • Electrical Machines and Control
  • Fluid Dynamics
  • Mechanical Engineering Design
  • Numerical and statistical methods

Semester 5 

  • Advanced Mechanical Engineering Design
  • Advanced Solid Mechanics
  • Fluid Machines
  • Heat and Mass Transfer
  • Industrial Engineering and Management

Semester 6 

  • Computer-Aided Design
  • Internal Combustion Engines
  • Mechanical Vibrations
  • Production Technology

Semester 7

  • Advanced Mechanics
  • Energy Conservation Equipments
  • Fracture Mechanics
  • Industrial Tribology
  • Measurement and Instructions
  • Mechatronics
  • Noise Engineering
  • Operations Research
  • Refrigeration and air conditioning
  • Utilization of non-conventional energy
  • Waste Heat Utilization

Semester 8

  • Advanced Fluid Mechanics
  • Automobile Engineering
  • Composite materials
  • Computer-aided manufacturing
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ergonomics
  • Finite element manufacturing
  • Power Plant Engineering

Job roles for mechanical engineers:

Once you are a mechanical engineer, you will have to play many different roles. You will be able to choose the field for which you wish to apply. So, here are some of the job roles or opportunities that you will receive as a mechanical engineer.

Aerospace Engineer:

As an Aerospace engineer, you will be responsible for dealing with the manufacturing and maintenance of the aircraft. You will also have to take care of all the technical aspects of the airport.

Automotive Engineer: 

As an automotive engineer, you will be responsible for the designs and development of all the mechanical components of machines related to the automobile industry. You will have to focus more on the research, development and designing part of the components.

Maintenance Engineer:

If you are given the role of a mechanical engineer, then you will have to focus on the proper working and maintenance of the equipment and machinery in the industry. You will have to make sure that the machine runs properly.

Apart from these, you will also have to play the role of a Nuclear Engineer, Control and Instrumentation Engineer, Contracting Civil Engineer and Mechanical Engineer as well. There are many other roles that you may have to play. As you keep gaining experience, you will be able to move to a better role in the company or get a better offer from the other companies as well. So, choosing the right role is very important if you wish to make a better career and earn a pretty good income—those who have a masters or Ph.D will be able to get better job roles due to their in-depth knowledge of the subject. You should be ready to take up a more challenging job as a mechanical engineer.

Sectors of employment for the mechanical engineer:

Once you complete your mechanical engineering successfully from any recognized college or university, you will be able to find different offers from different sectors. There are many public and private sectors where you will be able to start your career. It completely depends on what kind of job you prefer and in which sector you wish to work after the completion of the mechanical engineering course.

Here are some of the sectors where there are more chances for you to find a job or to get opportunities:

  • Aerospace Industries
  • Automotive Industries
  • Biomedical Industries
  • Construction and Building Services
  • Energy Utilities
  • Engineering Consultancies
  • Government Agencies
  • Indian Armed Forces and Ministry of Defence
  • Manufacturing Industries

Apart from these, you will be able to get job offers from many other sectors.

Pay Scale:

Depending on the skills, educational background and score, you will be able to withdraw a pretty good salary when you complete your mechanical engineering course. As you get more and more experience, your salary will increase. It also depends on the role that you are offered at the organization where you are going to work.

If you get recruited as an Aerospace Engineer, you will receive a salary of Rs 6 lakhs in the starting, and that can go up to Twenty lakhs per annum. An automotive engineer earns approximately four lakhs as a fresher, and that can go up to eight lakhs per annum. It all depends on your skills and experience. A control and instrumentation engineer can earn three lakhs per annum as an engineer, and it can increase up to ten lakhs per annum.

These amounts are the most common salary packages that the employees receive in this field. But it can be different depending on the size of the company and your overall experience as a mechanical engineer. If you have more than five years of experience, then you can earn a pretty good income being a mechanical engineer.

Some best colleges to choose for mechanical engineering:

When you are done knowing all the details about mechanical engineers, your next step would be to find one of the best colleges or universities. You will not be able to achieve what you wanted to if you don’t get the best education. In India, we will be able to find several colleges that offer you mechanical engineering course. But not all of them offer you quality education, and hence you need to be very careful while selecting the best colleges. So, if you are unable to find the best ones, then here we have a small list for you. You can check out this list and check out the official website of the colleges to gather more information about the college and the course. Good colleges and universities also make it easy for you to get a job. Here is the list of colleges that you can consider:

  • Amity University, Noida
  • Birla Institute of technology and Science, Pilani
  • Galgotias University, Greater Noida
  • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Patna
  • Lovely Professional University, Phagwara
  • National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirapalli
  • Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore

So, these are some of the best colleges for Mechanical engineering. You can choose any college from this list, or you can choose a college of your choice. But whatever college you are choosing should provide you with the best education so that you will be able to become a good mechanical engineer.

A Mechanical engineer will be able to get a lot of job opportunities, and the salary package is also going to be pretty high. You just need to make sure that you are choosing the right sector or job opportunity. With all this useful information, you should now be able to decide whether this is the right course for you or not. Mechanical engineering is a course that helps in making machinery and equipment required for the machinery to run properly. If this is something that you like doing, then this course is perfect for you. You can give your entrance test and get your admission done. Start your preparation today for the entrance test that will be very helpful for you to crack the examination without any worries.

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