B.Tech Mechanical engineering is one of the most common and best engineering courses. This stream of engineering has been there in our educational system for a very long time. Unlike most of the courses, this course offers the students more extensive knowledge of mechanical systems and engines. Most of the people know what mechanical engineering could accomplish and how it could help in getting better jobs.
Here is everything you need to know about the course.
What is B.Tech Mechanical Engineering?
B.Tech Mechanical Engineering is an undergraduate course that is most sought courses in the engineering stream. While most of the other courses tend to have variable demand over the years, mechanical engineering course has always shown a consistent demand as it involves the study of every mechanical device. The course commonly revolves around the production, designing, and operations of engines and machines. A B.Tech mechanical engineering graduate would be able to apply the principles of mechanical engineering to designing, production, and operating a machine or an engine. The same stream would also offer knowledge of manufacturing and maintaining mechanical engines or machines. In simple words, mechanical engineering covers subjects that include basic theories and principles of most mechanical systems.
B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Course: Eligibility
B.Tech mechanical engineering course is available in different colleges and universities around the world. In India, there are more than a dozen colleges and universities that offer this course. However, the eligibility criteria could vary, yes based on the university and college it could change. But, based on UGC norms and regulations, here are some of the general eligibility criteria.
- The candidate or applicant should have completed 12th from a government recognized school board.
- He/she should have studied physics, mathematics, and chemistry as their main subjects in 12th.
- The applicant or candidate should have scored at least 50% aggregate mark
- All reserved categories would get a 5% relaxation in aggregate marks.
Based on the university or college, the minimum aggregate mark requirement could vary.
- A top university like IIT, VIT, Birla, etc., conducts an entrance test that the candidate has to appear and has to secure an appropriate rank. The admission would be based on this rank.
B.Tech Mechanical Engineering course: Admission process
B.Tech Mechanical Engineering admission could be based on several factors, different colleges and universities could admit students based on merit, management quota, or based on entrance rank.
There are 4 entrance tests conducted in India, in which, 3 are based on state or college.
- IIT JEE main, joint entrance exam conducted all over India to select students for IIT, NIT, and other top engineering colleges or universities all over the country.
- IIT JEE advanced, conducted for students who have passed the IIT JEE main entrance exam.
- TANCET, conducted by the Tamil Nadu government, to allot candidates to different colleges or universities all around Tamil Nadu.
- KCET, conducted by the Karnataka state government, to allot candidates to different colleges or universities all around Karnataka.
- VITEEE, conducted by the Vellore Institute of Technology for allocating candidates in their university.
- BITSAT, conducted by Birla Institute of technology and science admission test to allocate candidates in their BITS campus in Pilani.
Apart from these entrance tests, there are many other tests, each of them designed for allocating or selecting candidates for specific courses.
The admission process could be split into 3
- Direct admission – some colleges admit candidates directly in their college based on 12th merit or in management seat. Most commonly, acquiring a management seat involves paying donations.
- Direct admission for diploma holders – Diploma holders could directly acquire admission to a college or university.
- Entrance exam – Based on the state level or national level entrance test rank, a student could acquire a seat in a college or university. However, most commonly, such an entrance test automatically allocates candidates to a college based on the entrance test merit rank or based on the candidate’s preference.
B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Course: Duration
As you already know, B.Tech mechanical engineering is an undergraduate course and has a course duration of 4-years. The four-year course duration is split into 8 different semesters, where the students have to study different subjects and practical’s.
B.Tech mechanical engineering course: Syllabus
B.Tech mechanical engineering course is split into 8 different semesters and each semester the student has to learn different theoretical papers and few practical papers.
Here is the common syllabus followed by most B.Tech mechanical engineering colleges or universities.
|Semester 1||Semester 2|
|Mathematics 1||Mathematics 2|
|Physics 1||Physics 2|
|English for science and technology||Electronics and instrumentation|
|Engineering graphics||Electrical technology|
|Environmental studies||Engineering mechanic|
|Engineering materials||Physics practical|
|Chemistry practical’s||Electrical technology practical|
|Physics practical’s||Engineering mechanics practical|
|Semester 3||Semester 4|
|Mathematics 3||Electrical Machines and Control|
|Machine Drawing and Computer Graphics||Numerical and Statistical Methods Practical|
|Theory of Machines||Fluid Mechanics|
|Mechanics of Solids||Numerical and Statistical Methods|
|Theory of Machines Practical||Dynamics of Machinery|
|Applied Thermodynamics Practical||Mechanical Engineering Design|
|Applied thermodynamics||Fluid Mechanics Practical|
|Mechanics of Solids Practical||Dynamics of Machinery Practical|
|Semester 5||Semester 6|
|Production Technology 1||Production Technology 2|
|Industrial Engineering and management||Internal Combustion Engines|
|Fluid Machines||Computer-Aided Design|
|Heat and Mass Transfer||Mechanical Vibration|
|Fluid Machines Practical||Advanced Solid Mechanics|
|Workshop Practice 3||Mechanical Vibration Practical|
|Advanced Mechanical Engineering Design||Internal Combustion Engines Practical|
|Heat and Mass Transfer Practical||Workshop Practice 4|
|Semester 7||Semester 8|
|Industrial Tri-bology, Electives-Any Two||Project|
|Mechatronics||Finite Element Analysis|
|Measurement and Instrumentation||Automobile Engineering|
|Waste Heat Utilization||Composite Materials|
|Energy Conversion Equipment||Automation and Robotics|
|Noise Engineering||Hydraulic and Pneumatic System|
|Operations Research||Environmental Engineering|
|Advanced Manufacturing Systems||Ergonomics|
|Measurements and Instrumentation Practical||Power Plant Engineering|
|Fracture Mechanics||Maintenance Engineering|
All the subjects listed above might not be included in some colleges, the syllabus usually varies based on the university or college. Most commonly, in the final year, the number of subjects decreases, and more emphasis is given to practical work. The project is the most important among the practical sessions.
B.Tech Mechanical Engineering Career
A B.Tech mechanical engineering graduate has comparatively more diverse fields he/she could start a career. The range of subjects he/she covers within the 4-years is diverse making it easy for them to handle almost every field.
Most common and high paying jobs are in
- Automobile industry
- Chemical industry
- Metallurgical industry
- IT industry
- Paper production industry
- Aerospace industry
- Power generation industry
- Research and development industry
In recent years, more B.Tech mechanical engineering graduates are focusing on the banking sector. He/she could join as a bank staff once he/she passes the designated entrance test after graduation.
Here are some of the public sector firms that require B.Tech mechanical engineers
B.Tech mechanical engineering course: Job designation
Most commonly, a mechanical engineer could hold any of the below-listed designations.
- Process planner
- Assistant professor, lecturer
- Laboratory technician
- Toolroom in-charge
B.Tech mechanical engineering course: Fee and salary
The fees of B.Tech mechanical engineering course across India is different, while government colleges that admit students based on the entrance test result would collect less than 10000 per semester or year, the management seat or private colleges would have fees around 50,000 to 1.5 lakhs.
A mechanical engineer as of today could receive an average of 6 lakhs per annum and it will depend on the firm and experience. International firms pay up to 15 to 20 lakhs per annum. It could also be more than this value.
Wherever you decide to join, you must check the UGC website and make sure the college or university is approved by UGC. Never join a college or university without making sure it is affiliated or recognized by an appropriate authority.
Rahul Kumar is a passionate educator, writer, and subject matter expert in the field of education and professional development. As an author on CoursesXpert, Rahul Kumar’s articles cover a wide range of topics, from various courses, educational and career guidance.