How to Become a Human Resource (H.R.) Manager in India?

According to you, what is the most important asset for any organization or company? Without any delay or discussion, many of you might have said it is the employees of the company, and that is 100 percent true. Whether it is a small company or a huge company, an employee of the company plays a very important. It is the efforts of the employee that can help the organization to grow. In today’s competitive world, it is not going to be an easy task for every organization to find the best talent for their companies. In some companies, the recruitment and management of the employees is done by the owner of the company itself. But what is the situation of a company that needs thousands of employees? How will a company owner be able to find the best talent and also manage them? This is where a Human Resource Manager or an H.R. manager is hired.

If you are someone who aspires to become a human resource manager, then this is the right place for you. Here in this article, we have explained clearly who is a human resource manager, the duties of an H.R. manager, eligibility criteria, job opportunities, salary structure and some best colleges also. This information can be very useful for you in knowing more about how to become a Human Resource Manager in India. So, let us get started:

Who is a Human Resource Manager?

Hiring the right professionals for any particular job is very important. It is not just time taking process but also needs a lot of efforts. You will have to spend a lot of money on their recruitment and training. Also, when your organization starts to grow, the company needs more new talent. It is not going to be easy for anyone to filter the best talent from such a huge talent pool and hire the best ones. This is where the Human Resource Manager comes into action.

Human Resources (HR) Course

A Human Resource Manager is a person who takes care of the entire recruitment, training, and management of the employees. It is the duty of the Human resource manager to make sure that the new employees understand the agenda, motto and strategy of the company. That is when the company will be able to make some profits from the employees they recruit and train. Apart from these, they should also handle the administrative duties in the company.

Depending on is how big the company is, a human resource manager will have to play different roles in the company. Sometimes, there are managers and executives who handle the entire process of hiring and management of employees in the company. So, here is how you should plan your career if you want to pursue a career as a Human Resource Manager in India.

Eligibility Criteria:

If you wish to become a human resource manager in any company, you need to have the right qualification. That means you need to meet certain educational criteria for becoming a human resource manager in India. So, here is what you will need:

  • You should first have completed your 10+2 in any stream in order to get qualified for any level of course of human resource management.
  • The first level of the human resource course is a Diploma in HRM. For a diploma course, you just need to have 10+2, and you must have secured at least 60 percent marks. The admission process is done purely on a merit basis, and so if you have a good score in 12th standard, then there are chances that you get admission to one of the best colleges in India.
  • For pursuing a BBA, you need to have scored at 60 percent marks in the 12th standard. It is the same even if you are an option for a dual-degree course like BBA-MBA.
  • You should give your entrance test if you are willing to get admission to any university or college like MAT, CAT, CMAT, XAT, TISSNET, MAH-CET and others.
  • If you want to pursue a post-graduation program MBA separately after BBA, then you need to score at least 60 percent score in BBA.
  • For the doctoral program in HRM, you should have a good score in master’s degree and also in the bachelor’s degree. The admission process is based on application, entrance test and personal interview.

So, this is the eligibility criteria for each level of the Human Resource Management course. If you meet all the criteria, then you can either get admission into a diploma or bachelor’s degree in human resource management. After you are done with the bachelor’s degree, it is always good to go for MBA or Masters in Business Administration. That will help you get a better job or role to play as a Human Resource Manager.

It is at this stage where you will be able to select the specialization you want to for Human Resources. The specializations include:

  • Training and development
  • Recruiting and placement
  • Employee assistance
  • Compensation and benefits
  • Employment
  • Information systems

You can either go for a single specialization, or some colleges even offer you dual specialization for MBA in Human Resources.

Once you complete your MBA, you can go for the doctoral course in Human Resource Management.


What you are going to learn as part of the BBA or MBA course plays a very important role in your career. So, whether is BBA or MBA, you are going to learn about the below topics:

  • Principles of Management
  • Human Resource Management
  • Business Communication
  • Financial Accounting
  • Marketing and Management
  • Information Technology for Management
  • Wages and Salary Administration
  • Effective H.R. Training and Development Strategy
  • Organizational Behavior
  • Industrial Relations and Labor Law
  • Business Environment
  • Managerial communication & Skill Development
  • Production & Operations Management
  • Compensation & Reward Management

In the bachelor’s degree, you will get to learn the basics of the subject, and in the master’s, you will be able to learn the same in deep, along with the specialized subjects.

Job opportunities:

You are going to receive several job opportunities from different companies after you complete your MBA or doctoral program in HRM. There are plenty of opportunities that you will receive from different companies. Some of the opportunities that you will receive as a human resource manager are:

Training and development manager: Your duty as a training and development manager is to train the employees. You will help them to improve their skills. You can train them with the help of conferences and workshops.

International human resource professional: As an international human resource professional, you will need to travel a lot and perform the same duties globally.

H.R. entrepreneur: If you are an H.R. entrepreneur, then you will have your own H.R. firm and your own team. You are going to offer your services to other firms that are in need of contract-based HRM staff for their companies.

Administrative Service Managers: Being an Administrative Service Manager, you will have to plan and coordinate with the supportive services in any company. It also includes mail distribution and record-keeping work.

Labour relations specialist: Any issues that arise out of the labour contracts like issues related to wages, pensions, salaries, healthcare and also the management practices will be handled by the labour relations specialists only.

Compensation and benefits manager: The job of the compensation and benefits manager is to manage the compensations of the employees in the organization.

Top executive managers: Being a top-level executive manager, you will have to make policies and strategies so that you can ensure that the company meets its goals. They direct, plan and also manage the operational activities of the organization.

Apart from these, there are several other roles that you will have to play in your company. The number of human resource managers will depend on the size of the company and the number of employees working in the company. At least three to four human resource managers are required in a medium-size company so that the operations of the company are carried out in a normal way.

Pay structure:

When it comes to the pay structure, it is dependent on the individual’s skills and years of experience. We are all aware that there is a huge demand for human resource managers in almost every field. That means the earning potential is also very high for these H.R. professionals. For example, a training and development HRM will earn Rs 3,50,000 at the early stage of the profession, while it can increase up to Rs 20,00,000 per annum with experience. Also, for an Administrative Service manager, the starting pay is Rs 2,50,000. It is can also increase up to Rs 12,00,000 with experience. A Compensation and Benefits Manager will earn Rs 5,50,000 at the beginning and can increase to Rs 20,00,000 with experience. Depending on which company you are working with and the team of HRM’s you have in your company will decide your pay scale. If you have a good experience, then pay is never a constraint. You will always get the best for the hardwork you do.

Areas of recruitment:

It is a known fact that a Human Resource manager is important in every field. But there are a few companies that manage without an H.R. manager. So, the most common areas of recruitment for a human resource manager are:

  • Banking & Finance
  • Consulting & Professional Services
  • Digital Media/ Media
  • Education & Training
  • Energy, Mining & Resources
  • Government
  • Hospitality & Tourism
  • Information Technology
  • Insurance
  • Medical & Healthcare
  • Recruitment
  • Telecommunications

Apart from these, there are many other areas as well, but these are just the common areas where there is a very high demand for human resource managers.

Some best colleges to choose from in India:

Whether it is BBA or MBA course that you are opting for, it is very useful for you if you enrol in a good college. You should always make sure that you pick the best college in India. When you have a degree from the best college, the chances of getting a job in a good company also increases. So, here is a small list of the best colleges in India if you wish to become a Human Resource Manager:

  • Amity School of Management, New Delhi
  • Awadesh Pratap Singh University, Rewa
  • Bharathiar University, Coimbatore
  • Bombay University, Mumbai
  • Calcutta University, Kolkata
  • Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Instt. of Management Studies, Indore
  • Faculty of Management Studies, Delhi
  • Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
  • Hamdard University, New Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIM Ahmedabad)
  • Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore
  • Indian Institute of Management, Indore
  • Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode
  • Indian School of Business, Hyderabad
  • IPS Academy of School of Management, Indore
  • Jamia Millia University, New Delhi
  • Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal
  • Manipur Institute of Management Studies, Canchipur Imphal
  • MICA, Ahmedabad
  • National Institute of Personnel Management (NIPM)
  • National Institute of Securities Markets, Navi Mumbai
  • Rajasthan University, Jaipur
  • Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai
  • University of Delhi
  • Wigan & Leigh College, New Delhi
  • XLRI, Jamshedpur

So, this was our list of best colleges for human resource manager course in India. The role of a human resource manager is always underestimated. But they play a very vital role. Without proper staff or employees, the company or organization will not be able to achieve anything good. It is the HRM that tracks and find the best people that are suitable for every position in the company. There are many benefits an HRM will be able to enjoy during their course of employment. But there are more benefits that a company will be able to enjoy when they have the best human resource managers in the company.

If you are interested in becoming a human resource manager, then you should make sure that you have the right skills and good decision making skill. You should be able to make the right decision so that you will be able to provide the right employees to your company. Check well and get admission in the right college for better career.

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